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Timber Wolves


Timber Wolves - Physical Characteristics

Timber Wolves are one of the largest members of the canine family. The species' coloration varies anywhere from a beautiful arctic white to a dramatic black, but most common is the grizzled gray coat. The long bushy tail often looks like the tip has been dipped in black, giving it a characteristic detail that is noticeable most easily on the gray coats. Long muscular legs are well adapted to enduring strenuous treks across open tundra and thick forests and tranquil settings in search of food.

Picture source:
Wolfshop Gallery

Scientific Name: Canis lupus
Height: 26-38 inches (66-97cm).
Weight: 57-130 pounds (26-59 kg)

Timber Wolves - Habitat and Range

The Timber Wolf once roamed most of North America, but now lives primarily on the open tundra and forests in Alaska and Canada. Its population is also lightly scattered in the northern areas of Washington, Idaho, Montana, northeast Minnesota, and Isle Royal National Park next to Lake Superior. Traveling more often and for greater distances than any other land animal, a pack's territory covers 100-260 square miles (260-675 sq km).

Timber Wolves - Behavior

Picture source:
Wolfshop Gallery

The strongest, most aggressive male in the pack is the leader, the alpha male. He is the decision-maker, whether it be to trek cross-country or to begin a hunt. Timber Wolves live in packs of 2-15, but usually 4 - 7, formed primarily of family members and relatives. Within the pack hierarchy, there are male and female hierarchies. The alpha male is dominant over the entire pack, giving him authority to go anywhere and take anything from any of the other members. The alpha female is one rank below the male, even dominating over some of the lower-ranking males. These two male and female Wolves are usually mating pairs as well. Contrary to old superstitions the Wolf does not get out in search for people to "attack." Wolves actually avoid growing civilizations as much as they can.

Timber Wolves - Interesting Facts

The Timber Wolf is known above all for its haunting howl. The pack will produce a beautiful chorus of howls sometimes in early morning, but most often in the evening as they prepare for their hunt. Many Wolves will answer a bark, even a human imitation, by howling. Unnecessary persecution and superstitious fear has lead to mass slaughter of Wolves. The Timber Wolf has been protected under the Endangered Species Act since the early 1970s and is still considered endangered throughout the U.S. The myth that Wolves harm humans is a falsity and originates from old campfire tales. It has been established that Wolves attacks were not so numerous as people believed them to be. It should also be noted that those few documented attacks by Timber Wolves were not lethal for humans.

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