Content thumbnail War Department General Order 143: Creation of the U.S. Colored Troops (1863)
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War Department General Order 143: Creation of the U.S. Colored Troops (1863)

By the end of the Civil War, roughly 179,000 black men (10 percent of the Union Army) served as soldiers in the U.S. Army, and 19,000 served in the Navy

War Department General Order 143: Creation of the U.S. Colored Troops (1863) - Page 1
War Department General Order 143: Creation of the U.S. Colored Troops (1863) - Page 2