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Additionally, IBM is a member of the Data & Trust Alliance , established in 2020, to develop and adopt responsible data and AI practices. IBM helped lead the development of a set of criteria for organizations to measure against, in order to help mitigate against algorithmic bias and promote transparency and explainability when adopting AI to be used in human resources and workforce decisions. Other large employers have since endorsed this set of criteria. IBM was one of two original signatories to the Vatican’s Rome Call for AI Ethics in 2020, intended to promote cooperation in creating “a future in which digital innovation and technological progress grant mankind its centrality.” IBM will join other organizations in renewing our commitment to these principles in 2022. Emerging neurotechnologies already offer impressive benefits in areas such as healthcare, but this potential comes with questions about risks to privacy and consumer welfare. In 2021, the IBM Policy Lab and the Future of Privacy Forum jointly published “Privacy and the Connected Mind” —a set of recommendations for promoting privacy and mitigating risks relating to brain-computer interfaces, which can record, process, analyze, or modify brain activity, invasively or non-invasively. IBM believes that policymakers, researchers, and other stakeholders should proactively seek to understand these risks and develop precise technological and policy safeguards. Technology ethics As a company with a long history of pioneering new technologies responsibly, IBM is working to advance transformative innovations such as AI into business, government, medicine, and everyday life with a strong commitment to ethics. We advocate the IBM Principles for Trust and Transparency and work to embed ethical principles into our AI applications and processes. IBM continues to demonstrate leadership in AI Ethics, building on the portfolio of AI toolkits for trustworthy AI that we’ve contributed to the open source community. AI FactSheets 360 and Uncertainty Quantification 360 allow other organizations to use and contribute to our experience and knowledge in the creation of AI solutions. In 2022, IBM will include technology ethics in the training provided to our ecosystem partners, with a goal of 1,000 partners participating by year-end. The World Economic Forum and the Markkula Center for Applied Ethics at Santa Clara University recognized IBM as an AI ethics leader in 2021 with their publication of “Responsible Use of Technology: The IBM Case Study.” The white paper showcases IBM’s Trustworthy AI approach and best practices, recognizing many years of work that began in IBM Research and expanded across the IBM portfolio and beyond to external partnerships worldwide. The World Economic Forum Global Council launched the Global AI Action Alliance, a flagship initiative to accelerate the adoption of inclusive, transparent, and trusted artificial intelligence globally. The alliance is co-chaired by IBM CEO Arvind Krishna and brings together over 100 companies, governments, civil society organizations, and academic institutions to accelerate the adoption of AI in the global public interest. IBM and Notre Dame founded the Tech Ethics Lab in 2020 as a cross-disciplinary research initiative to examine real-world challenges and provide practical models and applied solutions for ethical technology design, development, and deployment. In 2021, the lab invited proposals for projects related to the ethics of technology scale, automation, identification, prediction, persuasion, and adoption. In January 2022, the lab announced that 26 projects would receive over $500,000 in combined funding, selected from more than 100 submissions. 16 IBM 2021 ESG Report

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