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A South African Solar Farm In 2021, Amazon’s first operational solar project in South Africa started to supply clean, renewable energy to the grid that powers AWS data centers, contributing to the country’s 2030 renewable energy goals. Located in the Northern Cape province, the 10-megawatt (MW) solar project is expected to generate up to 28,000 MWh of renewable energy per year, which is equivalent to the annual electricity consumption of over 8,000 average South African homes. The solar project consists of more than 24,000 solar panels that track the sun from east to west, rotating on a single point. Altogether, the project covers an area of 20 hectares in the Northern Cape, where sunlight is an abundant resource. The project’s design will avoid an estimated 25,000 tons of carbon emissions annually, the equivalent of removing 5,400 cars from the road in South Africa. The solar project is majority-owned by local women and operated by a fully South African- owned company. The project has reduced waste by donating unused materials from construction, including pallets and electrical cable drums, to local furniture businesses and special skills schools to support small and medium-sized businesses. Energy Storage Solutions Keeping the power grid supplied when the sun isn’t shining and the wind isn’t blowing demands innovative solutions to continually generate carbon-free electricity. In 2021, Amazon announced our first solar energy and storage projects , which provide the infrastructure required to store solar energy generated when the sun is shining. These utility-scale projects help enable electricity grids to operate with carbon- free electricity when the sun isn’t shining. Making the Grid Greener Through Renewable Energy Optimization As our use of renewable energy grows, we monitor the operational performance of hundreds of global projects to help us achieve our renewable energy goals. We employ a team dedicated to renewable energy optimization (REO) , which leverages AWS Cloud technology to improve the performance of Amazon’s portfolio of wind and solar projects. Our REO team developed an end-to-end solution using AWS services to perform near real-time monitoring of our renewable energy projects. The team used AWS Internet of Things-based architecture to create a highly secure, reliable, scalable, and low-cost solution that manages data from hundreds of renewable energy projects. This enables us to rapidly identify and troubleshoot inefficiencies and find more opportunities for greater impact. By 2025, we expect these optimizations will deliver the same amount of additional clean energy as a new 150-MW wind farm. 24K+ Solar panels 25K Tons carbon emissions avoided annually Learn more about our global renewable energy projects on our website . © SOLA GROUP 2021 Sustainability Report Introduction I Environment I Society I Governance I Appendix 21

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