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The Planetary Computer uses open-source tools and supports open standards. In fact, the foundation of the Planetary Computer is the incredible ecosystem of tools being developed in the open by our partners and the much broader open-source community. For example, our Hub builds on the work done by the Pangeo community to put the tools of data science to work for the Earth science community, and our API builds on the work done by the STAC community to streamline and standardize the cataloging and discovery of geospatial data. The Planetary Computer API and Planetary Computer Hub are currently in private preview, accepting a small set of early users, with plans to go public in mid-2022. All the datasets are available and can be accessed via Azure Blob Storage. Datasets can be used by developers working within or outside of our Planetary Computer Hub. They can integrate each component in their existing processes or use the full Planetary Computer with one single experience. 24 PB We have made available 24 petabytes of data with more than 30 key environmental and Earth observation datasets. Driving transformation (continued) Protecting and managing land, oceans, and biodiversity. Customers and partners We partnered with subject matter experts to use the power of the Planetary Computer to develop applications that enable data-driven decision-making for the environment, including the following. Global land cover maps In June 2021, Esri published a new high-resolution 2020 Global Land Cover map for users around the world. The 10-Meter Land Cover map is the collaborative result of compute and Sentinel-2 data from the Microsoft Planetary Computer and a novel deep learning AI model developed by Impact Observatory . High- resolution, open, accurate, and timely land cover maps are critical for decision-makers in many industry sectors and developing nations, supporting a broad range of sustainability and conservation efforts. The data is hosted in ArcGIS L iving Atlas of the World and the Planetary Computer . Ecosystem mapping and monitoring Conservation Science Partners’ Analytics Lab uses the Planetary Computer to better visualize ecosystem monitoring projects and help make the findings more intuitive and accessible. These mapping applications assess wildlife habitat connectivity on working landscapes, anthropogenic impacts to terrestrial landscapes, and changes in forest structure over time. Conservation planning with spatial data The Nature Conservancy (TNC) is using the Planetary Computer to protect and manage land, oceans, and freshwater biodiversity for nature and people. In partnership with Microsoft, TNC is scaling impact and accelerating conservation with Marxan, a world-leading decision-support software for spatial conservation planning. Microsoft and TNC are enabling more equitable access to Marxan by bringing it to the cloud with platform development support from Vizzuality. Together we are helping people around the world make evidence-based decisions more quickly, inclusively, and transparently to protect the world’s biodiversity. Risk assessments for forest-based climate solutions CarbonPlan is using the Planetary Computer to enable more transparent and scientifically rigorous evaluation of forest-based climate solutions. By shining a light on data from past and future carbon offset projects, procurement programs can better understand the climate risks of carbon credit purchases. Microsoft used this application to visualize the climate risks of forest carbon offsets to help us manage our carbon removal purchasing program more effectively. Carbon sequestration estimates for above-ground stock Chloris Geospatial uses the Planetary Computer to generate their “above-ground carbon stock” non- commercial product, which gives anyone the ability to analyze forest carbon globally. 83

Environmental Sustainability Report | Microsoft - Page 83 Environmental Sustainability Report | Microsoft Page 82 Page 84

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